Fire Safety Code, Rhode Island

Interpretations - Details

STATE OF RHODE ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS
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FIRE SAFETY CODE - BOARD OF APPEAL AND REVIEW
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Providence, RI 02903
INTERPRETATION
FILE NO.: 05-13
MUNICIPALITY: Statewide
REQUESTED BY: Bed and Breakfast industry
SUBJECT: Industry plan of action
APPROVED ON: 2005-05-25
FIRE SAFETY CODE BOARD OF APPEAL & REVIEW
FORMAL INTERPRETATION & 
BLANKET VARIANCE 05-13 (Amended)


General Background:  As previously outlined in Formal Interpretation & Blanket Variance 05-02, "Bed and Breakfast Homes" are currently covered under the rooming house provisions of the Rhode Island Life Safety Code. Several owners of existing Bed and Breakfast establishments, and their respective State Senators, had requested that the Board grant a blanket time variance, until July 1, 2005, to allow for review of this subcategory of the rooming house occupancy and to further make any adjustments deemed necessary.   

The Board granted the requested blanket time variance. Subsequently, a subcommittee of the Board, representatives from the Bed and Breakfast Homes, Chief David Sayles of the Westerly Fire Department, the State Fire Marshal and his chief deputies subsequently reviewed the Bed and Breakfast subcategory of the Rooming House occupancy and make comprehensive recommendations to the full Board.

Board's Determination:

The Board accepts the Industry Plan of Action modified as follows:

"Bed and Breakfast Homes", for the purposes of this code, must be owner and/or innkeeper occupied twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, while guests are utilizing the facility. The owner and/or innkeeper should have a plan of action, approved by the local official, to assure the safety of the guests in the event the owner or innkeeper is required to temporarily leave the facility unsupervised for limited periods during the day.

A "Bed and Breakfast Homes" must have originated as a private home, must have at least 300 square feet of common space (ie. dining room, living room etc.) for guest use, and must provide breakfast. A "No Smoking" policy, through out the building, shall be strictly enforced. With the exception of fireplaces and/or wood stoves, approved by local fire department and/or the local mechanical inspector, there shall be no open flame in the bedrooms of these facilities. Specifically, candles, incense or similar materials shall not be allowed in the bedrooms. All approved fireplaces and/or wood stoves shall further be provided with approved metal screens or glass doors. Any fireplace or wood stove located in the common areas shall also be approved by local fire department and/or the local mechanical inspector with the above safeguards. 

All "Bed and Breakfast Homes" require hardwired, interconnected smoke and carbon monoxide detectors installed in accordance with the regulations and  standards covering a new single family residence. There shall be approved detection in each bedroom.

1. 	"Bed and Breakfast Homes" with a capacity of between four (4) and six (6) guests shall meet the following requirements for this occupancy:

Hardwired, interconnected smoke and carbon monoxide detectors shall be installed in accordance with the regulations and standards covering a new single family residence.

Emergency lighting shall be installed in any corridors and/or stairways greater than eight (8) feet in length.

Externally illuminated exit signs shall be installed.

An evacuation plan, containing alternative emergency egress routes, shall be presented to the local fire authority for approval. 

The owner and/or innkeeper shall receive comprehensive crowd management training.

The facility shall be annually inspected by the local fire authority. Any existing curtains, bedding, rugs or similar flammable materials, shall only be replaced, in the future, by fire retardant materials, manufactured and/or treated to the satisfaction of the local fire authority.

Any existing fire detection and/or suppression system shall be maintained as a required system. 

2.	"Bed and Breakfast Homes" with a capacity of between seven (7) and sixteen (16) guests shall meet the following requirements for this occupancy:

Local fire alarm system in accordance with the amended provisions Chapter 13 of the Rhode Island Uniform Fire Code.  

Hardwired, interconnected smoke and carbon monoxide detectors shall be installed in accordance with the regulations and standards covering a new single family residence. (May be incorporated into the local fire alarm system).

Solid core doors, maintaining an approximate fire rating of twenty (20) minutes, shall be installed in the existing egress system door jambs with spring-loaded hinges. The local fire authority may approve an alternative plan of action  allowing historically significant doors, with an approved Class-A flame-spread finish and spring loaded hinges, to be retained. 

Emergency lighting shall be installed in any corridors and/or stairways greater than eight (8) feet in length.

Externally illuminated exit signs shall be installed.

An evacuation plan, containing alternative emergency egress routes, shall be presented to the local fire authority for approval. 

The owner and/or innkeeper shall receive comprehensive crowd management training.

The facility shall be annually inspected by the local fire authority. Any existing curtains, bedding, rugs or similar flammable materials, shall only be replaced, in the future, by fire retardant materials, manufactured and/or treated to the satisfaction of the local fire authority.

Any existing fire detection and/or suppression system shall be maintained as a required system. 

3.	"Bed and Breakfast Homes" with a capacity in excess of sixteen (16) guests shall comply with the requirements for a "Hotel and Dormitory" occupancy under the Rhode Island Life Safety Code.

4.	The Board hereby grants a time variance, until May 1, 2006, in order to allow the owners of the above Bed and Breakfast Homes, with a capacity of sixteen (16) or fewer guests, to bring their facilities into full compliance with the above requirements. This time variance is granted in order to assure full compliance, and to further allow for complete inspections, prior to the projected peak seasonal occupancy in 2006.  


							

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