The Rhode Island Department of Health (HEALTH) and the Department of Environmental Management (DEM) are advising people to avoid recreational activities in four bodies of waters in Rhode Island due to blue-green algae blooms. This advisory is based on sampling conducted on August 16 and 17 by a DEM contractor as part of the screening-level monitoring conducted at 12 lakes and ponds to evaluate the extent and presence of blue-green algae blooms in Rhode Island.
The following bodies of water are impacted by this advisory: Roger Williams Park Ponds in Providence, J.L. Curran Reservoir (Upper and Lower Reservoirs; also known as Spring Lake Reservoir) in Cranston, Barber Pond in South Kingstown, and Pasquiset Pond in Charlestown.
All four bodies of water are experiencing a blue-green algae bloom that may form naturally occurring algal toxins. People should avoid recreational activities such as swimming, boating, or fishing in these waters until further notice. Pets can also be affected by exposure to the algal toxins, so owners should not allow pets to drink this water or swim in the water. In addition, people should not drink water or eat fish from the affected waters.
DEM has confirmed the presence and predominance of blue-green algae species in these bodies of water. These algae, also referred to as cyanobacteria, have the potential to form the naturally occurring algal toxins, Microcystin and Anatoxin.
The toxins can cause harm to humans and animals. Skin rashes and irritation of the nose, eyes, and/or throat are common side effects that result from skin contact with water containing algal toxins. If water containing algal toxins is ingested, health effects include stomach ache, diarrhea, vomiting and nausea. Young children and pets are more at risk to algal toxins than adults, since they are more likely to drink contaminated water. Other health effects, which are rarer, include dizziness, headache, fever, liver damage, and nervous system damage. People who have been drinking from, swimming, or fishing in these areas and experience those symptoms should contact their healthcare provider.
Those who come into contact with the water should rinse their skin with clean water as soon as possible, and wash their clothes. People are cautioned that toxins may persist in the water after the blue-green algae bloom is no longer visible.
Warm temperatures and sunshine produce conditions favorable to algae growth. DEM warns that blue-green algae blooms may be evident in other freshwater lakes and ponds in the state. People are advised to avoid contact with waters that exhibit the following conditions: bright green coloration in the water or at the water surface and/or dense floating algal mats that form on the water's surface. The water may look like green paint, thick pea soup, or green cottage cheese.